Attorney Ray Hamlin, Newark, New Jersey, USA
Attorney Marlon Hill, Miami, Florida; USA
Attorney R.K Dewan & Co. Mumbai, India, Natoli-Lapin LLC., NY, NY
Attorney Lawrence M. Cohen, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
China Intellectual Property Agency (H.K.), IPO, Newport, South Wales, UK.
Nieves Law and Accounting Naga City
Philippines Securities, Corporate Finance and Business Law
81 Magnolia Street, Phone: +63-5481-5166 / 478-4187.
As a type of property, Intellectual Property (IP) refers to the intangible. In contrast to real property and personal property, it refers to what the minds of men and women have created, usually expressed or translated into a tangible form that is assigned certain rights of property. Examples of IP include musical, literary, and artistic works; inventions; software; and symbols, names, images, designs, business methods, and industrial processes used in commerce.
Intellectual property laws include patent, copyright, trademark, and trade secret laws, which typically protect IP rights. Patents, copyrights, and trademarks are creations of statute, where the government recognizes and enforces the public expression of an original idea for a limited period of time. Trade secrets, established by common law, can protect IP through contractual and tort remedies. Copyright laws generally protect creative and artistic works such as books, movies, music, paintings, photographs, and software. Patents, trademarks and trade secret laws are used more often to protect industrial properties, as they are generally created and used for industrial or commercial purposes.
In the United States, these laws exist at both the state and federal levels. The laws vary somewhat from state to state. At the federal level, the Constitution and legislation authorized under the Constitution deal exclusively with patents and copyrights, and partially with trademarks and related areas of unfair competition. Intellectual property law is extraordinarily complex, and by its very nature, continuously evolving. Many registered patent attorneys represent themselves as intellectual property law attorneys, as opposed to merely patent attorneys.
International intellectual property law, with the exception of trade secrets, is governed by federal and international treaty legislation. In the era of globalization, with the worldwide internet and the subsequent ability for proprietary data to be copied and appropriated, IP rights need to be protected and regulated at an international level.
Intellectual Property Law – US
- ABA – Intellectual Property Law Section
The ABA Section of Intellectual Property Law is the largest intellectual property organization in the world and the oldest substantive Section of the ABA. Since 1894, we have advanced the development and improvement of intellectual property laws and their fair and just administration.
- American Intellectual Property Law Association (AIPLA)
The American Intellectual Property Law Association (AIPLA) is a 16,000 member, national bar association constituted primarily of intellectual property lawyers in private & corporate practice, in government service, and in the academic community.
- Intellectual Property Law Server
Welcome to the Intellectual Property Law Server. The Server has been online since March 1997 and serves approximately 15 million pages a year. The Server provides information about intellectual property law including patent, trademark and copyright. Resources include comprehensive links, general information, space for professionals to publish articles and forums for discussing related issues.
- Office of the Administrator for External Affairs (EA) – IP Enforcement and Policy
The USPTO leads efforts to develop and strengthen both domestic and international property protection and advises the Secretary of Commerce, the President of the United States, and the Administration on patent, trademark, copyright, and copyright protection.
- Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR)
USTR’s Office of Intellectual Property and Innovation (IPN) uses a wide range of bilateral and multilateral trade tools to promote strong intellectual property laws and effective enforcement worldwide, reflecting the importance of intellectual property and innovation to the future growth of the U.S. economy.
- United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)
The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is the Federal agency for granting U.S. patents and registering trademarks. In doing this, the USPTO fulfills the mandate of Article I, Section 8, Clause 8, of the Constitution that the Executive branch “promote the progress of science and the useful arts by securing for limited times to inventors the exclusive right to their respective discoveries.” The USPTO registers trademarks based on the Commerce Clause of the Constitution (Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3). Under this system of protection, American industry has flourished.
- USDOJ – Intellectual Property Policy and Programs
The Department of Justice and other agencies are continually working to improve protections for intellectual property rights and the enforcement of intellectual property laws. You can find information on DOJ initiatives, summits, and speeches in this section. This section also contains information on U.S. interagency efforts, such as NIPLECC, as well as international efforts to protect intellectual property rights.
Intellectual Property Law – International
- EU Legislation – Intellectual Property
A uniform system of protection of intellectual property rights, ranging from industrial property to copyright and related rights, constitutes the foundation for creativeness and innovation within the European Union. Respect of the basic principles of the internal market (the free movement of goods and services and free competition) is based on standardisation of intellectual property at European level. Protection of intellectual property is covered by many international conventions, most of which are implemented by the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) and the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
- International Intellectual Property Institute (IIPI)
As an international development organization and think tank, IIPI is dedicated to increasing awareness and understanding of the use of intellectual property as a tool for economic growth, particularly in developing countries.
- Interpol – Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Programme
The group’s mission is to provide an advisory group function; assist INTERPOL to develop strategies to combat transnational organized IP crime; and, encourage National Central Bureaus (NCBs) and national law enforcement authorities in INTERPOL member countries to dedicate more resources to IP crime enforcement.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It is dedicated to developing a balanced and accessible international intellectual property (IP) system, which rewards creativity, stimulates innovation and contributes to economic development while safeguarding the public interest.
- WTO – Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
The information on intellectual property in the WTO, news and official records of the activities of the TRIPS Council and details of the WTO’s work with other international organizations in the field are available.